React Native Services
What is React Native?
“Most companies developing mobile on the current native stacks must compromise in some way. Either on productivity (develop the same product multiple times with different engineers on different stacks), on quality (make low-quality apps) or on a scope (focus on a single platform). The path towards stopping these compromises is inventing new mobile stacks — like React Native.” says Tal Kol, ex-Head of Mobile Engineering at Wix.com in an interview.
Which language is used in React Native?
REACT Native helps mobile application developers to develop apps that are compatible with both iOS and Android platforms.
When using REACT Native, developers just code once and the final product is available for both iOS and Android platforms. REACT Native has gained popularity because it is backed by Facebook, has huge community support and is built on the stable ReactJS.
Why is React Native preferable to other frameworks?
After discussing what React Native App Architecture is, now let us analyse why major brands prefer to develop their mobile apps using React Native.
In this section, we will compare React Native with other major platforms like NativeScript, Swift, Flutter and Xamarin.
Cross-platform development has always been an uphill task. Whereas many developers embrace cross-platforms due to reduced cost, there is always a trade-off either in terms of performance or user experience.
The section below describes the differences between React Native
Both NativeScript and React Native cross-platforms support code-sharing. As a developer, you can share your iOS, Android and web code using ReactXP in case of React Native.
Mobile apps written in either React Native or NativeScript can share up to 90% of the codebase. In general, simple apps with fewer custom features are easy to share compared to apps with many custom features.
Upon compilation, React Native emphasises on styling components to suit each platform giving it an enhanced look and feel. On the other hand, NativeScript adopts a ‘write once, run everywhere’ approach.
As a result, when a large number of native-platform components are used, the code sharing percentage reduces.
Code sharing is a crucial benefit among others such as reduced cost and development time.
Easy to maintain code
React Native and NativeScript uses a shared codebase that makes it easy to maintain application codes.
In terms of popularity, React Native is the most popular cross-platform mobile development framework compared to NativeScript. Its popularity can be attributed to the fact that it’s backed by Facebook.
According to a survey regarding the state of JS, 16% of respondents indicated that they had used React Native while less than 5% of respondents indicated that they had used NativeScript. and NativeScript mobile app development frameworks.
There is not much difference in performance when you use either React Native or NativeScript to develop your mobile app. However, the difference might arise based on the developed app, the platform used, access device and the framework version.
In general, an app with multiple animations can attain a 60 frame-per-second frame rates when using either NativeScript or React Native.
Since we had discussed what React Native is, let us first discuss what Swift is.
What is Swift?
Swift is a multi-paradigm programming language developed by Apple for building iOS-powered apps and other related ecosystems.
Swift is purposely designed to develop apps for running on macOS, watchOS (AppleWatch), tvOS (Apple TV digital media player) and z/OS that powers IBM mainframe computers.
Now that we have an understanding of what Swift does, let us analyse the differences between React Native and Swift.
Several indicators are there which can determine the success of outstanding mobile app development. We will use some of these indicators to analyse the differences.
Speed of coding
Swift took over from Objective-C and has eliminated the drawbacks found in Objective-C. As a result, Swift offers a convenient way of building iOS mobile apps. However, using Swift to build iOS apps means that you must build the app from scratch.
In some instances, using React Native to build an Android app seems like copy-pasting due to the high code reusability.
Theoretically, native apps should have a better performance than framework-based apps. However, this might not be so straight forward.
Apps built using React Native have better CPU usage optimization. However, React Native has issues when dealing with graphical issues. To solve this issue, React Native allows developers to embed the native code into the app.
React Native and Flutter are cross-platform mobile app development frameworks that help developers to create IOS and Android applications.
The section below helps us analyse the two frameworks:
Flutter, on the other hand is based on Dart programming language. Therefore, learning Flutter is difficult compared to learning React Native. However, developers with C++ or Java background can learn Flutter quickly.
According to a survey by StackOverflow in 2019, Flutter has a popularity of 75.4% while React Native has a popularity of 62.5%. This survey sought to determine the most loved framework by developers.
The surprising thing to note is that React Native has been in existence for several years while Flutter is only a year old.
React Native has a higher adoption rate compared to Flutter. The increased adoption might be attributed to the success of React. Major Corporates like Facebook, Instagram, Uber Eats, Tesla, and Bloomberg have adopted React Native.
Flutter has also gained popularity over the past year. Notable giants that have adopted Flutter include Hamilton Music.
Both React Native and Flutter are gaining traction and the next few years will be interesting for cross-platform mobile app developers.
Xamarin is a cross-platform framework developed by Microsoft. Developers can use it to develop Windows, iOS and Android apps.
The Xamarin programming language is based on C#
Now let us analyse React Native and Xamarin
React Native is designed to provide a near-native app performance. When using React Native, you can develop applications that have high performance. According to the official website, applications built using React Native can offer equal performance like applications built with Native languages.
This assertion might not be true because only native languages like Java and Swift can guarantee such a performance.
The React Native allows developers to incorporate native code into your app. This means that as a developer, you can build your app using a Native code while the other code can be developed using React Native.
Xamarin on the other hand also allows developers to create high-performance mobile applications. To achieve this high performance, Xamarin uses platform-specific hardware acceleration to enhance the app performance.
React Native Development Services
Reduces cost of app development
React Native is a cross-platform framework. As a result, developers use one code to build applications targeting multiple platforms. This means that a single code is produced for both iOS and Android apps. This saves development costs by a huge percentage.
The cross-platform framework also reduces the number of hired developers required which further saves on the cost of labour.
Reliable and Stable apps
React Native applies data binding to guarantee app stability and reliability. When you develop an app using React Native, data binding is applied to ensure that changes made on the child elements do not affect the parent data.
This means that if a developer wants to modify any object, the developer must make changes in its state and apply the modifications accordingly. As a result, only the intended components will be upgraded.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
React Native is a framework for creating native mobile apps. Developers can follow the same design pattern, used for web applications. React Native significantly reduces the burden of maintaining separate code for the Android and iOS platforms.
React Native is used for creating Android and iOS mobile applications with a single code base.
Reactjs is a library. React Native is a framework which has React as a base. React uses virtual DOM while react native uses Native APIs.
React Native mobile app provides native functionality for mobile applications. React Native significantly reduces the burden of maintaining separate code for the Android and iOS platforms.
Both React Native and Flutter will give you native features. But due to robust performance and large active community of React, React Native has an advantage over Flutter.
React is used in the following applications:
Facebook, Instagram, Netflix, Whatsapp, Myntra etc.